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History

IHHIST111 The Ancient and Medieval World

Examines the development of first civilizations of the Near East, South Asia, East Asia, and the Americas; ancient Greece and Rome; the growth of the Byzantine, Islamic, and Western civilizations; European imperialism in Africa, the Americas, and Asia; and religious, political, and cultural change in Europe in the early-modern era. Annually. (WPS)

IHHIST112 The Modern World

Examines the evolution of the major civilizations of the world (Western, Middle Eastern, South Asian, East Asian, sub-Saharan African, and Latin American) from the early-modern era to the present. It focuses upon the revolutionary intellectual, political, and economic changes that occurred during this period and their effects upon the world. Annually. (WPS)

HIST121 Traditional Civilization of East Asia

A survey of China and Japan from antiquity to approximately 1800. Establishes a broad picture of cultural values, social structures, and political institutions. Attempts to convey a sense of how both the common people and the elite lived. Spring. (WPS IB)

HIST122 Modern East Asia

A sequel to HIST 121. A survey of Chinese and Japanese experiences with modernization from the beginning of the 19th century to the present. The theme of revolution provides focus for the study of China. In the case of Japan, the main emphasis is on its rapid adaptation to the modern world. Fall. (WPS)

IHHIST141 The West in the World

This course will follow the rise and spread of early civilizations from Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, and China to the political, economic, and cultural foundations of the West in ancient Greece and Rome. Course concludes with an examination of the classical age of Muslim culture during the European Middle Ages. Fall. (WPS GRC)

IHHIST161 American Encounters to 1877

In this course, students will be exposed to a variety of American perspectives through time. Emphasis will be placed on the voices of the traditionally unheard such as the poor, women, African Americans, and American Indians. Issues of class, race, and gender will be explored from a comparative approach. (MPC WPS GRC IB)

IHHIST162 American Encounters From 1877

In this course, students will be exposed to a variety of American perspectives through time. Emphasis will be placed on the voices of the traditionally unheard such as the working poor, women, African Americans, and Native Americans. Issues of class, race, and gender will be explored from a comparative approach. Fall, Spring. (MPC WPS GRC IB)

HIST200 Reading and Writing in History

An introduction to various ways of reading and interpreting historical documents and to the major forms of historical writing. This course is intended to prepare students for advanced course work. HIST 200 must be taken prior to completing 13 credits in History. Fall, Spring.

IHHIST211 The Worlds of Early America

The years between 1500 and 1750 witnessed numerous encounters and conflicts as American Indians, Africans, and Europeans came into contact with one another for the first time. This course examines the new worlds in early America that resulted from these exchanges. The use of primary sources is emphasized. (WPS GRC IB)

IHHIST220 The Crusades: Identity and Religious War in the Middle Ages

Course examines the Crusades with the aim of understanding how markers of identity and religious differentiation were used to support and perpetuate the ideology of crusade and holy war, and how cross-cultural contact eventually altered the European Christian constructs of identity that had motivated the initial 11th-century call for Crusade. Fall. (WPS GRC IB)

IHHIST221 The Axial Age

This course will follow the emergence of world, historical, philosophical, and religious systems in India, China, Greece, and the Near East between 800 to 300 BCE. Through primary and secondary sources, students will explore the origins and development of classical Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Platonic thought, and messianic Judaism. Occasionally. (IB)

IHHIST222 Marriage and Family in Western Civilization: The Ancient West

The class examines the institutions of marriage and family in the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Israelites, Greece, and Rome. By studying the development of the family, this course offers an examination of the roles of both men and women in the development of the western culture and civilization. Fall. (GRC IB)

HIST225 Medieval World: European Culture and Society from 500-1400

This class is intended as an introductory survey of medieval Europe. During this period Europe developed a civilization that was a synthesis of its classical heritage, Christianity, and the tribal cultures that replaced the Roman Empire. This course examines the formation and flowering of medieval European society and culture. Spring.

IHHIST252 The Holocaust

Examines the genocide and mass murder committed by the Nazi regime during 1939 to 1945. Also surveys long- and short-term factors, including World War I and Germany's failed post-war democratic experiment, that help explain the consolidation of a racially based totalitarian regime. Cross-listed as IHHGS 252. Spring. (WPS GRC IB)

IHHIST253 The Second World War

Examines the origins and outbreak of WWII, the course of the war in Europe and the Pacific, the complexity of military priorities and operations, the evolution of mass murder in Nazi-occupied Europe, and the war's social and political impact. Fall, even years. (WPS)

HIST290 Special Topics

Study of a selected topic in History. May be repeated as topics change. Fall, Spring.

IHHIST293 Weimar and the Rise of Hitler

This class examines the period in German history from 1918-1933. We will explore the social and political turmoil following the loss of the war and the underlying conditions that made the Nazi seizure of power possible. (WPS)

IHHIST310 Who Was Ben Franklin?

Explores identity and power in the British Empire and American Revolution through an examination of Benjamin Franklin's presentation of self in his autobiography. Additionally, through various biographies, we will consider Franklin as a "self-made man," embodiment of empire, literary artist, scientist, early modern patriarch, runaway servant, and slave owner. Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP including ITW 101 and IQL 101. Spring. (MPC WPS GRC IB)

HIST321 Late Imperial China

The relationship between the Chinese polity and society in the late imperial period (Ming and Qing dynasties, from the 14th century to 1911). Topics include the family system, important socioeconomic changes, and the persistence of traditional culture, thought and institutions into modern times. (WPS)

HIST322 The Chinese Revolution

China's revolutionary transformation in the 20th century. Includes the social and political origins of revolution, the Communist movement and rise of Mao, defeat of Nationalists, and the creation of the People's Republic and its principal domestic and foreign policies to the present. (WPS IB)

HIST324 Modern Japan

From the Tokugawa period to the present, this course traces Japan's transition from a feudal to an industrial society, the decline of the Samurai class and the rise of cities, merchants, and urban culture; the Meiji Restoration and political reform; imperialist expansion; war; American occupation; and postwar changes contributing to Japan's "miraculous" economic growth. Spring. (WPS IB)

IHHIST330 Game of Thrones: England to 1500

This class examines the history of England from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the succession of Henry Tudor in 1485. The class focuses on the role of gender, status, and cultural difference in the political and dynastic struggles for the throne of England. Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP, including ITW 101 and IQL 101. (WPS GRC)

IHHIST331 Sex and Sanctity in Medieval Europe

This class examines the medieval construct of gender and sexuality to understand gendered meanings of sanctity and sin, questioning the ways that sanctity influenced medieval gender creating a complex and fluid category of identification beyond a binary system and allowing for actions and activities that appear to be “gender bending.” Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP, including ITW 101 and IQL 101. (GRC IB)

HIST332 Greece in the Classical Age

The evolution of Greek classical civilization from the Mycenaean origins through the Hellenistic age. The significance of the Polis is brought out by detailed examination of Athens and Sparta. Intellectual and cultural contributions of classical Greece. Fall. (WPS GRC IB)

HIST333 Decline and Fall of the Roman Republic

A close reading of ancient and modern histories of the Roman Republic. The Roman Civil War and the rise and fall of Julius Caesar will be of particular interest. (WPS IB)

HIST335 Islamic Kingdoms in Medieval Europe

The eighth-century Arab-Berber invasion and occupation of the Iberian Peninsula altered the religious and cultural borders of the European continent. This class examines the cultural and political effects of Islamic invasion and occupation in Iberia and investigates cross-cultural contact between Muslim Iberia and Christian Europe. (WPS GRC IB)

HIST336 The Medieval World: 400-1500

Europe and the Byzantine and Islamic worlds from the collapse of the western Roman Empire to the discovery of America by Columbus. Feudalism, manorialism, the role of the Church, the rise of the nation-state, the growth of cities, the revival of the economy, and the development of technology. Spring. (WPS GRC IB)

HIST337 Europe: 1400-1600

The events of the 15th and 16th centuries laid the foundations of the modern western world, from the Renaissance and the print revolution to war with the Turks in the East and the conquest of American natives in the West and the Reformation and religious war. (IB)

IHHIST338 A History of Sexuality

This course examines theories and historiography of pre-modern sexualities. By focusing on the history of ancient and medieval ideologies and hierarchies of sexual behavior this class seeks to understand the cultural constructs of sexuality and gender in various eras and civilizations and questions the idea of a trans-historical heteronormativity. Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP, including ITW 101 and IQL 101. (GRC IB)

HIST339 The Age of Enlightenment

This course will explore central themes of the period in European history known as the Enlightenment (1650-1800), such as race, gender, religious tolerance, materialism, and political engagement. Students will explore these themes in writing assignments and class presentations based on close readings of primary and secondary sources. Occasionally. (GRC IB)

HIST340 The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Empire

Covers in detail the causes, progress, and consequences of the French Revolution and the rise and fall of the Napoleonic Empire. Fall. (WPS GRC)

HIST342 Europe 1918-1945

The history of Europe from the Versailles treaty to the end of World War II, with special attention given to the rise of Fascism in Germany and Italy and the political and diplomatic events of World War II. Spring. (WPS GRC IB)

HIST343 The Postwar World 1945-1975

An in-depth look at international politics, diplomacy and Cold War culture during the three decades following the end of the Second World War. (WPS)

HIST351 Imperial Germany

This course explores the history of Germany from 1870 to 1918, from national unification to defeat in WWI. Topics will include religious conflicts, German colonialism, the emergence of political parties, the changing place of women in modern German society, and the rise of anti-Semitism. (GRC)

HIST352 World War I

This course examines the origins, chief military developments, and fateful conclusion of the First World War. Topics include the motivations of the combatants, the course of the conflict within Europe and beyond its borders, and the post-war peace settlement. (WPS)

HIST353 Nazi Germany and the Holocaust

Examines the Nazi rise to power during the Weimar Republic, the consolidation of totalitarian rule, the transformation of racial ideology into policy, Hitler's foreign policy as prelude to war, World War II, and the Holocaust. Cross-listed as HGS 353. Spring. (WPS GRC IB)

HIST356 Readings in the History and Philosophy of Science

Examines selected topics in the development of scientific thought and philosophy of science. Fall. (MPC WPS GRC IB)

IHHIST358 American Empire I

This course explores America’s many intersections with the world from the American Revolution through the era of World War One. It examines why and how American leaders devised policies to protect, manage, and, most importantly, expand the American empire. Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP, including ITW 101 and IQL 101. (WPS IB)

IHHIST359 American Empire II

This course explores America’s many intersections with the world from World War One through 9/11. It examines why and how American leaders devised policies to protect, manage, and expand the American empire. The course delves into the American ideology of “American exceptionalism” and its role in defining American foreign policy. Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP, including ITW 101 and IQL 101. (WPS IB)

HIST360 Natives and Newcomers in North America 1500-1766

Examines the experiences of native peoples of North America in the era of European invasion and imperialism from the pre-contact period through the development of Pan-Indian identity in Pontiac’s War. Major themes include power relations, environmental impacts, gender, changes over time, responses to imperialism, and the persistence of native cultures. (WPS GRC IB)

HIST361 The American Revolution

Examines the causes of the conflicts of 1763 to 1783, the nature of the Revolution, the Confederation years, the establishment of the Constitution and changes to 1789. Spring. (MPC WPS GRC IB)

HIST362 American Slavery/American Capitalism 1787-1848

Examines political, social, economic, and cultural developments as well as changes in material culture from the establishment of the federal government to the Compromise of 1850. Fall. (WPS GRC IB)

HIST363 The United States in the Civil War Period: 1850-1876

Examines the coming of the Civil War, the secession crisis, the war itself, and Reconstruction. Prerequisite: Not open to freshmen without permission of instructor. Fall. (MPC WPC GRC IB)

HIST364 19th-Century America

A social and cultural history of the United States between 1815 and 1920. Examines the development of a mainstream culture based on the values of the antebellum Northern middle class, the rise of alternative cultures, and the eventual decline of Victorianism during the first two decades of the twentieth century. (MPC GRC IB)

HIST366 U.S. in Crisis: 1920-1950

Special attention is given to the turbulent '20s and market crash, the anxieties of the '30s and governmental response, the U.S. role in World War II and home front repercussions for women and Japanese Americans, and postwar traumas of bomb, cold war, and domestic readjustment. Prerequisite: IHHIST 162 or permission of instructor. Fall. (WPS GRC)

HIST367 Modern America: 1950-Present

Describes United States in the modern age of Cold War and fears of domestic subversion, domestic reform, upheavals of blacks, students, women in 1960s and 1970s; major changes for economy and labor. Prerequisite: IHHIST 162 or permission of the instructor. Spring. (MPC WPS GRC)

IHHIST368 Brahmins & Bosses: Boston History

Focuses on the political, cultural, and social history of the city of Boston from its founding to the 1980s. The course will examine how Boston struggled to grow from an insular and largely homogeneous community to becoming a truly diverse, international city well poised for the 21st-century. Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP, Including ITW 101 and IQL 101. (MPC GRC IB)

IHHIST371 Africans in the Colonial Atlantic World

Focuses on the experiences of Africans and African Americans in the Atlantic World during the era of early modern European empires, ca. 1500-1830. The course will examine transatlantic cultural connections between Africa, Europe and the Americas. Course topical focus will vary between North America/West Indies and Latin America. Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP, including ITW 101 and IQL 101. (WPS GRC IB)

IHHIST372 Gender and Power in Early North America 1600-1800

The course analyzes early American gender roles as culturally constructed and contested among European Americans, Native Americans, and African Americans. Explores how gender ideologies and their attendant power relations ordered social, familial, sexual, religious, and political life in colonial and early postcolonial North America. Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP, including ITW 101 and IQL 101. (WPS GRC IB)

HIST373 Race, Disability, and Eugenics

An examination of the history of the 19th- and 20th-century eugenics movement in the United States and Europe. Efforts to "improve" humanity by selectively controlling or eliminating individuals deemed socially undesirable because of race or disability will be investigated by exploring science, legislation, and popular culture. Cross-listed as HGS 373. Fall, odd years. (MPC GRC IB)

IHHIST375 War and Culture in Early America 1600-1865

Cultural history of war, peace, and the military in North America and the United States from the pre-colonial period to the end of the Civil War. Examines military history through categories of class, race, region, ethnicity, and gender. Analyzes warfare as cultural exchange and surveys American ideologies of war. Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP, including ITW 101 and IQL 101. Fall. (WPS GRC)

IHHIST376 Modern United States Military History 1865-Present

A social and cultural history of the United States military from the end of the American Civil War to the present. The class examines the development of American military strategies and institutions. Analyzes to what extent the military reflected social norms regarding race, class, sexuality, gender, and ethnicity over time. Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP, including ITW 101 and IQL 101. (WPS GRC)

IHHIST377 Sports & American History

An examination of sports as an expression of the social and cultural history of the United States. Among the topics are changing attitudes toward the human body and fitness, the opportunities afforded by sports for marginalized groups to promote social change, and the commercialization of sports. Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP including ITW 101 and IQL 101. (MPC GRC IB)

IHHIST378 Alcohol & American History

Alcohol as a window into various aspects of the American past from the first European settlements to the present. Topics include colonial drinking, public discourse in taverns, class conflict over alcohol, the urban saloon, temperance and feminism, the politics of Prohibition, and alcohol and gender in the twentieth century. Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP, including ITW 101 and IQL 101. (MPC GRC IB)

HIST390 Studies in History

Examines a selected subject or theme in history at an intermediate level. May be repeated as subjects or themes change. Fall, Spring.

IHHIST391 World of the Old Testament

An historical, literary and philosophical introduction to the Hebrew Bible, one of the most important and influential books in the history of world civilization. The course will focus on the close reading, analysis and interpretation of key biblical texts. Prerequisite: 24 credits in ISP, including ITW 101 and IQL 101. (IB)

HIST393 Topics in History of Ideas

Examines a selected topic in intellectual history, cultural history, or history of philosophy. Readings are drawn from primary sources. May be repeated as topics change. Prerequisite: One course in History or permission of instructor. Fall, Spring. (IB)

HIST490 Advanced Special Topics

Study of a selected topic in History at an advanced level. May be repeated as topics change. Fall, Spring.

HIST495 Seminar

Discussion of problems and issues in History. May be repeated as seminar topics change. Fall, Spring.

HIST497 History Internship

Students research, organize, and write about historical materials in cooperation with historical societies, archives, museums, historical restoration projects, and other groups or agencies. The History Internship Committee, in consultation with the dean for Arts and Humanities, determines the credit value. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Fall, Spring.

HIST498 Independent Study

Intensive study of an issue, problem, or topic. Offered as independent study if proposed by the student or as directed study if designed by the faculty member. May be repeated for a total of 8 credits. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Fall, Spring.