Creating a physical disaster relief plan.
Key Words: Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Floods, avalanches,
National and State standards:
State Standard 14.6.5
To develop an understanding of the physical processes that shape the earth's surface.
National and State standards:National standard-#7,
To create an understanding of how the human population
Curriculum links: Theme-Human Environmental Interaction
A. Introduction: Through creating emergency preparedness drills, the students will understand how natural disasters impact mans the human environment
B.Put the word disaster on the board and have the students
brainstorm what is a disaster. Then have the students
develop a list of natural disasters. This list should
include the following natural disasters: FLOODS, EARTHQUAKES,
C.Have the students get into disaster relief teams and
have the teams nominate a disaster chief. (Tthis can
be done in any way the teacher feels comfortable)
D.Explain to the teams that their responsibility will be to create an emergency plan for their families to follow if disaster strikes. Pass out a disaster card to each team, this will be their disaster for the rest of the activity.
E.Give each team three scenarios (See attached) and explain that they must prepare themselves for each eventuality. In each of their plans they must include all of the materials that they will need, they must have an evacuation plan or route and a safe haven, and a second plan if the event occursoccores where they cannot leave the site. They may either choose the school as the disaster site or they may choose a site within their home town that they live.
F.Each plan must:
Be readable and easily followed
Be prepared for the unexpected
G.Give the students the rest of the class period to
develop ideas for their plan and suggest that they
go home and talk with their families for further ideas.
The following day will be their last working day to
prepare for the disaster.
Your group will become experts in the field for your
particular disaster. You will instruct the class on
emergency preparedness on your disaster and will use
charts, maps, graphs and an emergency box to prove
Reflection: How successful was this lesson? Did all
students benefit? Were there any surprises? What
might you do differently another time? Please note
any changes that will make this lesson more effective
and useful in the future and pass them along to the
NHGA. We appreciate your comments.
Original file name: 301rtf - converted on Tuesday, 20 October 1998, 20:56
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