Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching
- Prior knowledge can help or hinder learning.
- How students organize knowledge influences how they learn and apply what they know.
- Students’ motivation determines, directs, and sustains what they do learn.
- To develop mastery, students must acquire component skills, practice integrating them, and know when to apply what they have learned.
- Goal-directed practice coupled with targeted feedback enhances the quality of students’ learning.
- Students’ current level of development interacts with the social, emotional, and intellectual climate of the course to impact learning.
- To become self-directed learners, students must learn to monitor and adjust their approaches to learning.
From - Ambrose, Susan A., Michael W. Bridges, Michele Dipietro, Marsha C. Lovett, and Marie K. Norman. 2010. How learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass